||It stands for deoxyribonucleic acid.
||It stands for ribonucleic acid.
||It is double stranded except in some viruses.
||It is single stranded exception some viruses.
||It is self-replicating.
||It is synthesized from DNA or on as needed basis.
||The sugar portion of DNA is 2-deoxyribose.
||The sugar portion of RNA is ribose sugar.
||Helix geometry of DNA is B form (A form or Z form also present).
||Helix portion of RNA is A form.
||Long chains of nucleotides are present.
||Shorter chains of nucleotides are present.
||Bases present are adenine, guanine, thymine and cytosine.
||Bases present are adenine, uracil, cytosine and guanine.
||Uracil is absent.
||Uracil is present.
||Base pairing is A-T, C-G.
||Base pairing is A-U, C-G.
||Length of DNA is quite large.
||Length of RNA is short.
||It is susceptible to UV damage.
||It is resistant to UV damage as compared to DNA.
||It can’t leave nucleus.
||RNA leaves the nucleus.
||Purine is equal to pyrimidine.
||Purine is not equal to pyrimidine.
||It is genetic material in some viruses and help in protein synthesis.
||It is genetic material in all living organisms.
||It exists in many forms.
||It exists in 3 different forms i.e. m-RNA, r-RNA and t-RNA.
||It is located in the nucleus and cytoplasm.
||It is located in chromosomes and ribosomes.
||No catalytic activity.
||Some are catalytically active.
||Resistant to alkali hydrolysis.
||Highly susceptible to alkali hydrolysis.
||Bases are not modified.
Image source: medicalnews
|Bases are modified.
Image source: scienceabc
Differences between DNA and RNA