||Secreted by red color β-cells of islets of Langerhans.
||Secreted by green color α-cells of islets of Langerhans.
||Decreases blood fatty acids.
||Increases blood fatty acids.
||Decreases blood glucose level.
||Increases blood glucose level.
||Over secretion leads to hypoglycemia.
||Over secretion leads to hyperglycemia.
||Deficiency results to diabetes mellitus.
||Deficiency results to hypoglycemia and glucagonoma.
||Ketogenic effect does not occur.
||Ketogenesis is promoted.
||Synthesis of fat and its storage increases.
|| Protein (51 amino acids) with two short polypeptide chains linked by disulfide bridges.
||29 amino acids are used to make it and is a small protein.
||Secreted in response to high sugar level in the blood.
||Secreted in response to low sugar level in the blood.
||Formed from pro-insulin precursor molecule.
||Formed from pro-glucagon precursor molecule.
||Converts excess of glucose to glycogen (glycogenesis).
||Converts glycogen (glycogenolysis) to glucose (gluconeogenesis).
||Uptake of glucose and amino acids into the cells stimulated.
||Release of fatty acids from triglycerides stimulated.
Image source: atraineducation