||Carbon containing compounds are called organic compounds.
||Compounds of elements other than hydrocarbon are called inorganic compounds
||Organic compounds are insoluble in water generally. For example: wax, kerosene, ghee, oil, etc.
||Inorganic compounds are soluble in water generally. For example: copper sulphate, sodium chloride, hydrochloric acid, etc.
||They are soluble in solvent like ether, benzene, etc.
||They are insoluble in organic solvents.
||Generally, they have low melting and boiling point.
||They have a very high boiling and melting point.
||They are covalent compounds.
||They are usually electrovalent and sometimes covalent as well.
||They do not form ions in water except some organic acids which function as weak electrolyte.
||Usually, they form ions in water and function as electrolyte.
||The composition of these compounds is complex.
||The composition of these compounds is simple.
||These compounds are more in number.
||These compounds are less in number.
||They are coloured and with odour.
||They are colourless and odourless except some metals and ammonia.
||These compounds burn easily.
||These compounds do not burn easily.
||They usually decompose on heating.
||They usually do not decompose on heating.
||Slower reaction rate.
||Higher reaction rate.
||Poorer conductor of heat and electricity.
||Good conductor of heat and electricity.
||Do not make salts.
||Produces more complex sets of products during reaction.
||Produces less complex sets of products during reaction.
||These are result of activities of living beings.
||These are due to natural processes unrelated to any life.
||Include nucleic acids, fats, sugar, proteins, enzymes, etc.
||Include salts, metals, substance made from single elements and other compounds without the bond of carbon and hydrogen.
||Examples: methane, ethane, alcohols, urea, etc.
Image source: worldatlas
|Examples: carbon dioxide, sulphuric acid, sodium chloride, etc.
Differences between organic and inorganic compounds