||Made up of dead cells except xylem parenchyma.
||Made up of living cells except phloem fibres.
||Conducts water and minerals from roots to the leaves.
||Conducts prepared foods from leaves to the different parts of the plant.
||Also called wood.
||Also called bast.
||Composed of vessels, tracheids, parenchyma and fibers.
||Composed of sieve tube, companion cell, parenchyma and fibers.
||Provides mechanical support.
||Do not provide mechanical support.
||It is present in large amount.
||It is present in less amount.
||Transportation is unidirectional.
||Transportation is bidirectional.
||Most of the cells are thick walled.
||Most of the cells are thin walled.
||Tylose is formed.
|| Tylose is not formed.
||Present inner to the vascular cambium.
||Present outer to the vascular cambium.
||Xylem fibres are smaller.
||Phloem fibres are usually larger.
||Tracheids and vessels are conducting cells.
||Sieve elements are conducting cells.
Image source: thebiologynotes
Differences between xylem and phloem