Important minerals and their functions





      Symptoms of           deficiency     Minimum                 daily   requirements


Bone and teeth formation, blood clotting, muscle activity, and nerve function. Spontaneous nerve discharge, tetany 800-1200mg


Blood acid base balance, hydrochloric acid formation in stomach. Acid- base imbalance 1.7-5.1 g


Associated with enzymes in glucose metabolism. Development of diabetes, metabolic syndrome 0.05-0.2 mg
     Cobalt(Co) Component of vitamin B12, erythrocyte production. anemia


Hemoglobin and melanin production, electron transport system. Anemia and loss of energy 2.0-3.0 mg
    Fluorine(F) Provides extra strength in teeth, prevent dental caries. Tooth decay, osteoporosis 1.5-4.0 mg


Thyroid hormone production, maintainence of normal metabolic rate. Decrease of normal metabolism. 150.0 µg


Hemoglobin component, ATP production in electron transport system. Anemia, decrease oxygen transport, and energy loss. 10 mg in males

15mg in females



Coenzyme constituent, bone formation, muscle and nerve function. Increased nervous system, irritability, vasodilation, arrythmias 280-350 mg
 Manganese(Mn) Haemoglobin synthesis, growth, activation of several enzymes. Tremors and convulsions 2.5-5.0 mg
Molybdenum(Mo) Enzyme component Seizures, opisthotonus, lens dislocation 0.15-5.0 mg
Phosphorous(P) Bone and teeth formation, important in energy transfer, component of nucleic acids. Loss of energy and cellular function. 800-1200 mg


Muscle and nerve function Muscle weakness, abnormal electrocardiogram, and alkaline urine. 1.8-5.6 g
 Selenium(Se) Component of many enzymes Mental slowing, goiter, cretinism. 55-70 µg


Osmotic pressure regulation, nerve and muscle function Nausea, vomiting, exhaustion and dizziness 1.1-3.3 g
     Sulfur(S) Component of hormones, several vitamins and proteins Reduced protein synthesis 800-900 mg


Component of several enzymes, CO2 transport and metabolism, protein synthesis. Deficient carbon-dioxide transport and deficient protein metabolism. 15 mg

Minerals And Their Importance in Healthy Life - Forensic Yard   12 essential minerals required by body | Purple Kaddu

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Important minerals and their functions