Yersinia pestis: Introduction and morphology

Introduction Formerly known as Pasteurella pestis. Falls in family enterobacteriaceae. Discovered in Honkong in 1894 AD by Yersin and Kitasato. Important medical species are Y.pestis,...

Differences between Flagella and Pili

S.N Flagella S.N Pili 1. These are helical structures but are not straight. 1. These are non-helical structures but are straight. 2. These are long...

Cough, sneezing and swallowing reflexes

Introduction These are collectively called respiratory protective reflexes. Protects lungs and air passage from foreign particles. These reflexes modify respiratory process so that elimination of foreign...

Heart Failure: Introduction and Types

Also called cardiac failure. A condition where heart fails to supply sufficient amount of blood. This condition of insufficient blood supply occurs in all parts...

Functions of Pancreatic Juice

A digestive juice secreted by pancreas and is the exocrine function of it. Endocrine function is related with secretion of hormones. Has neutralizing action on...