Functions of Saliva

Saliva is a secretion of salivary glands. Contains maximum water content (99.5%) and 0.5% solids. Includes solid content like organic, inorganic and gases also. Various...

Fungi: Characteristics and Classification

Introduction Study of fungus (yeast and moulds) is called mycology. Derived from Greek word where “mykos” meaning fungus and “logus” means study. Known earlier than...

Auto immunity: Introduction and Mechanism

Introduction A condition resulted by the action of antibodies or immunologically competent cells. Cause structural or functional damage of the normal components of the body....

Neurotransmitters and Their Types

A chemical substance present in neuron. Transmits nerve impulse from one to another neuron. Thus also called a mediator for impulse transmission. Transmission occurs through...

Differences between Insulin and Glucagon

S.N Insulin S.N Glucagon 1. Secreted by red color β-cells of islets of Langerhans. 1. Secreted by green color α-cells of islets of Langerhans. 2....

Anticoagulants and Its Types

Anti-coagulants: Those substances that do not allow blood to coagulate by preventing or postponing it. Taken as medicines, given to the people who have high...

Edema and Its Types

Swelling in the tissues caused by excessive accumulation of fluid. Can be generalized and local. In generalized edema, entire body is involved. Local edema occurs...

Intraocular Fluid

Fluid present in eyeball. Responsible to maintain eyeball shape. Two types: a) Aqueous humor and b) Vitreous humor Aqueous Humor Fluid thin in nature present...