|Growth hormone or somatotrophin hormone (STH)
||Gigantism in children
Acromegaly in adult.
|Thyroid stimulating hormone/thyrotropin (TSH)
||Increases the activity of thyroid gland called hyperthyroidism.
||Decreases the activity of thyroid gland called hypothyroidism.
||Infertility, galactorrhoea, amenorrhea and decreased libido in male.
||Increase the osmolarity of urine.
||Grave’s disease, exophthalmic goiter characterized by palpitation, sweating, weight loss, heat intolerance, diarrhea, anxiety, tremor, tachycardia.
||Myxedema in adults and cretinism in children characterized by cold intolerance, constipation, bradycardia, dry coarse skin, sluggish movements.
Cretin babies are dwarf and mentally retarded.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease..
||Weak bone that can fracture easily, stone formation.
||Hypo-calcemia leading to tetany.
||Conn’s syndrome leading to hypertension, hypokalemia, hypernatremia and metabolic alkalosis.
||Hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, shock and metabolic acidosis.
||Cushing’s syndrome– moon face, buffalo hump, osteoporosis, hypertension and inhibition of growth.
||Addison’s disease– hypotension, hyperpigmentation.
||Hirustism and virilization, pseudo hermaphroditism in female, precocious puberty in males.
||Decreased libido in male and pseudo hermaphroditism in male
||Increase risk of thrombosis and breast cancer, decrease FSH secretion and interfere with implantation.
||Abnormal menstrual cycle, ill developed genital tracts.
||Prevents ovulation leading to anovulatory cycle.
||Abnormal menstrual cycle, pregnancy does not occur.
Image source: thebiologynotes
Various endocrinal disorders